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Sunday, June 19, 2011

WHICH TESTS ARE ASSOCIATED WITH MATCH PERFORMANCE?


To answer the title question one needs to measure a physical parameter, let say aerobic fitness, and match performance for the same players in a period of 7-10 days. Match performance can be evaluated either with the performance analysis systems or with GPS devices. Multi-camera systems are more expensive whereas GPS are more available.

Aerobic fitness is usually evaluated in the lab or in the field. The most popular tests in the field are: Yo-Yo intermittent recovery, multistage shuttle run and the Hoff test. In the first two, aerobic fitness is evaluated with repeated 20-m shuttle runs whereas in the latter, the player runs in a larger space with the ball.

The association between these tests and the match performance in elite young players is shown below. The main conclusions are
  • Yo-Yo intermittent recovery run 1 (IR1) and multistage shuttle run test (MSRT) are both associated with distance covered at high intensity during the game
  • Distance covered in the multistage shuttle run test is positively related with total distance covered during the match
  • Hoff test IS NOT associated with total distance and distance covered at high intensity during the match

Table. Association between different tests and match performance.
Match activity
Yo-Yo IR1
MSRT
Hoff
Total distance
Very weak
Moderate
Very weak
High intensity distance
Moderate
Moderate
Very weak
Sprinting
Strong
Strong
Moderate
 Source: Castagna et al., 2010.


TAKE-HOME MESSAGE
Both Yo-Yo intermittent run 1 and multistage shuttle run tests can be used for the evaluation of aerobic fitness in young players.

For more reading
Castagna et al. J Strength & Cond Res 24:3227-3233, 2010
Nassis et al. J Strength & Cond Res 24:2693-2697, 2010

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